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Canada's P3 History


1992 — First P3 conference held

1993 — Creation of The Canadian Council for Public-Private Partnerships. Founding board members include John Simke (President), Blair Cowper-Smith, Christa C. Wessel, W. M. Carson, Terry Stephen, Donald G. Gibson, Michael Atkinson, Russell MacDonald, James W. MacLaren, Steven Davis, Brian L. Crowley, Tom Gosnell, Ronald S. Lloyd and Donald S. Macdonald

1997 — First P3s in Canada open. The Confederation Bridge, linking Prince Edward Island and New Brunswick, narrowly beats out Nova Scotia's Cobequid Pass to be the first in operation

1998 — First winners announced in the inaugural National Awards for Public-Private Partnerships (P3s)

2000 to 2005

2001 — Bruce Power makes history, becoming Canada’s first private nuclear operator and the largest — and one of the most successful — public-private partnership (P3) projects in the country

2002 — The British Columbia government creates Partnerships BC, a government agency to support the public sector by providing expertise in the procurement of complex capital projects and in using the private sector. The province was the first in Canada to create such a standalone agency, setting a trend that saw the creation of similar agencies across Canada. From 2002 to 2020, it led 61 completed project procurements throughout Canada with a value of $21.4 billion

2004 — Ground-breaking held for the Gordon & Leslie Diamond Health Care Centre, a partnership between Vancouver Coastal Health and Access Health Vancouver, and the first health-care P3 in Canada

2005 — Creation of Infrastructure Ontario

2006 to 2010

2008 — Great Recession

2008 — Creation of PPP Canada

2009 — Opening of Canada Line for Vancouver 2010 Olympic Winter Games – first major transit P3 in Canada

2011 to 2015

2012 — SaskBuilds created

2013 — A City of Regina referendum sees citizens vote 57.1 per cent in favour of using the P3 model to fund its wastewater plant upgrade

2014 — Ontario Auditor General report on Alternative Financing and Procurement is released. In a statement, CCPPP notes it is concerned the report paints an inaccurate representation of the P3 model

2015 — Opening of the award-winning P3 Humber River Hospital in northwest Toronto, billed as one of Canada’s largest acute care hospitals and North America’s first all-digital hospital

2016 to 2020

2017 — First handback of P3 project in Canada – N.S. schools bundle

2017 — The newly upgraded Iqaluit International Airport opens. The major gateway to Nunavut is the first and only fully operational P3 airport project to achieve financial close and subsequent construction completion in all of North America

2017 —  Creation of Canada Infrastructure Bank

2018 —  Federal government dissolves PPP Canada after it "fulfilled its mandate and Canada has developed a strong P3 market." PPP Canada invested more than $1.3 billion in 25 large or complex infrastructure projects during its eight years of operation.

2018 — Collapse of Carillion, the U.K.’s second largest construction company. This is considered a bellwether of what can happen when governments embrace “an aggressive approach to risk transfer,” as a British government committee noted. In Canada, P3 projects involving Carillion led to other private sector partners in the consortiums involved quickly taking on additional responsibilities

2019 — Exiting of several players from North American P3 market

2019 — Ontario launches its Unsolicited Infrastructure Proposals Framework

2020 — COVID-19 pandemic

2020 — Partnerships BC rebrands as Infrastructure BC

2021 to Present Day

2021 —  Tłı̨ chǫ All-Season Road opens in the Northwest Territories. It is among the first P3s in North America with an Indigenous government that has a cash-funded equity stake, showcasing how Indigenous communities are becoming increasingly involved in infrastructure projects 

2022 — New infrastructure procurement models coming on stream.

  • First time Alliance model used in Canada. With IO support, Metrolinx signs a Project Alliance Agreement with ONTrack Alliance to deliver the Union Station Enhancement Project
  • First time Progressive P3 procurement launched. Infastructure Ontario (IO) issues RFP for the Weeneebayko Area Health Authority (WAHA) Redevelopment project

2022 — CCPPP celebrates 30th anniversary of its Annual Conference, returning to an in-person format after two years presenting virtually during the pandemic

2022 — Ottawa LRT inquiry